“Costumes” Terms

Shimai-ōgi (仕舞扇)

From actors, musicians and assistants to reciters, every Noh performer holds a fan. Actors in costum...

Tō-uchiwa (唐団扇)

A hand prop of a round fan held instead of an ordinary fan (chūkei) by the character of a Chinese p...

Kinagashi (着流シ)

A style of wearing kimono. In this style, a man wears a short-sleeved kimono (kosode) with a rich b...

Kodōgu (小道具)

Kodōgu refers to properties used on stage. It does not include masks, kahatsu (wigs) or costumes. Pr...

Ito-hari (糸針)

A sewing set used for costumes. When an actor wears a costume, the costume is sewn in all the right ...

Men-himo (面紐)

Braided codes for fixing the mask to the actor's face. The round braid straps are made of silk so th...

Chōzukake (頂頭懸)

A cord put on a ori-eboshi folding cap and tied under the chin. Reddish cord of gold brocade is ofte...

Tsuyu (露)

Floor-length cords under the sleeves of a wide-sleeved costume. A long cord (tsuyu-himo) is put thro...

Aka daijin (赤大臣)

Waki-tsure actors wearing red awase-kariginu (lined informal kimono). They often appear in waki-noh ...

Su-utai-ōgi (素謡扇)

A fan used for su-utai (vocals without hayashi). It is a type of shizume-ōgi but slightly smaller (f...

Uchizue (打杖)

A stage prop. It is a thin stick carried by the character of a demon or ryūjin, a dragon god. About ...

Kyōgen-bakama (狂言袴)

A type of costume used for kyōgen plays. It consists of a pair of hakama trousers made of linen and ...

Kataginu (肩衣)

A sleeveless robe with pointed shoulders. As a stage costume, it is frequently used for kyōgen plays...

Kamishimo (裃)

A kimono is used as a high-class formal dress by kōken, jiutai and hayashikata, depending on the pro...

Monpuku (紋服)

A kimono made of black cloth bearing five crests dyed white. The formal Japanese style of male garme...

Montsuki (紋付)

A kimono made of black cloth bearing five crests dyed white. The formal Japanese style of male garme...

Shimai-bakama (仕舞袴)

Actors who perform Mai-bayashi (digest performances with music) or solo dances, as well as assistant...

Dōgi (胴着)

A padded underwear worn between costumes and cotton undershirts. Most dōgi are lined kimono made of ...

Ryūdai (龍戴)

A type of wakanmuriheadwear, Ryūdai is worn by actors playing ryūjin, a dragon god. The symbol of a ...

Monpa (もんぱ)

A type of costume used in kyōgen, Monpa are stuffed animal suits for animal roles. The costume cover...

Wakanmuri (輪冠)

A type of headwear worn mainly by actors in roles of male gods. Many of these ring-shaped crowns are...

Monogise (物着せ)

The act of placing the costume on the performer. Kitsuke generally means simply means to put on clot...

Mogidō (モギドウ/裳着胴)

Mogidō is a style of costume in which only a kitsuke (the kimono with narrow cuffs worn as the botto...

Binan (ビナン)

A costume often worn by kyōgen actresses. A white cloth made of silk or hemp is wrapped around the ...

Torikabuto (鳥兜)

The torikabuto, or “bird helmet” is an elegant headpiece worn by actors performing a dance. Shaped ...

Sumibōshi (角帽子)

One type of headwear in Noh and kyōgen. The sumibōshi, or “angled hat,” is worn by monk roles, with ...

Eri (襟)

The eri or “collar” is the piece of cloth worn around the neck when the kimono is worn. White is the...

Shōzoku (装束)

The costumes in Noh and kyōgen. Includes the kimono worn as the very bottom layer of the costume (a ...

Kazuraobi (鬘帯)

A long belt worn by female roles tied long and thinly and extending from the top of the wig like a h...

Kurotare (黒垂)

One type of wig worn by the performers, the kurotare is a tare, or type of wig, made of black hair....

Kasshikikazura (喝食鬘)

One type of wig worn by the performer. The kasshikikazura is worn for roles of half-monk, half-layma...

Kyōgentabi (狂言足袋)

The socks worn by kyōgenkata when putting on their costumes. They are made of yellow died cotton, an...

Nagakazura (長鬘)

One style in which wigs are worn by female performers. The nagakazura is worn for the roles of angel...

Ubagami (姥髪)

One type of wig worn by the performers. Used for the roles of aging women. Almost the same shape as ...

Tare (垂)

One type of wig worn by the performers. Made by weaving perfectly straight horse hairs onto a 10cm r...

Jōgami (尉髪)

One type of wig worn by the performers. Used for the roles of aging men. To represent white hair, it...

Shirotare (白垂)

One type of wig worn by the performers, the shirotare is a tare, or type of wig, made of white hair...

Emonzuke (衣紋づけ)

One way of wearing a costume. Rounded collars called agekubi or marueri are seen in costumes such as...

Shiboriage (絞上げ)

One way of wearing a costume. Sleeves such as suō or hitatare are tucked up, and the kimono is close...

Kataage (肩上げ)

One way of wearing a costume. Both shoulders of a mizugoromo or happi are folded into the neck area,...

Katanugi (肩脱ぎ)

One way of wearing a costume. One sleeve of the kimono is unworn. Katanugi are used in particular fo...

Nugisage (脱下げ)

One way of wearing a costume. The right sleeve of a kaori worn in the ubazuke style is left to drape...

Ubazuke (姥着け)

One way of wearing a costume. A kimono such as the kaori is worn in the kinagashi style and the both...

Tsubo-ori (壺折)

One way of wearing a costume. The bottom of a kimono such as the kaori is raised to the knees, and b...

Maiginu (舞絹)

A wide-sleeved kimono worn by tennyo or female gods, made from ro, or sha fabric with patterns sewn ...

Koshimaki (腰巻)

One way of wearing a Noh costume. Koshimaki, where the costume is wrapped around the waist, is often...

Shirogashira (白頭)

One type of kazura, or wig, worn by the performers. Traditionally made of yak hair. The bangs are wo...

Akagashira (赤頭)

One type of kazura, or wig, worn by the performers. Traditionally made of yak hair. The bangs are wo...

Kurogashira (黒頭)

One type of kazura, or wig, worn by the performers. Traditionally made of yak hair. The bangs are wo...

Kazura (鬘)

The wigs worn by the performers. There are three types of wigs used in Noh and kyōgen, the kashira, ...

Ironashi (色無し)

In Noh and kyōgen, the word iro, or “colour,” simply refers to the colour red. For example costumes ...

Iroiri (色入り)

In Noh and kyōgen, the word iro, or “colour,” simply refers to the colour red. For example costumes ...

Sashinuki (指貫)

A type of kuribakama worn by characters of the highest status, the sashinuki is often given a sack-l...

Hangiri (半切)

Abbreviation for hangiribakama. While shaped similarly to ōkuchibakama, hangiri are made kinran fabr...

Ōkuchi (大口)

Abbreviation for ōkuchibakama, ōkuchi are characterized by extremely thick uneori, a corduroy-like f...

Nuihaku (縫箔)

A short-sleeved kimono with both shishu (nui) and surihaku (haku) patterns on either satin or rinz...

Obi (帯 )

A long, thin cloth belt worn around the waist when putting on a costume. Koshi-obi make up the majo...

Tabi (足袋)

The hakobi, or “movement” of the legs is so important in Noh that it is referred to as “the art of ...

Hakama (袴)

A Noh and kyōgen costume put on after the kitsuke by tying the front and rear strings to the waist....

Uwagi (上着)

The costume worn above the kitsuke. In addition to long-sleeved uwagi such as the kariginu, happi, c...

Utsushi (写し)

A copy of an excellent mask or costume that has been passed down from ancient times. The creation o...

Kitsuke (着付)

A type of kosode, or short-sleeved kimono, with smaller cuffs. When the costume is put on, a padded ...

Ōgi (扇)

A type of fan used as a handheld prop. Ōgi are very important to both Noh and kyōgen, and all of the...

Hakushiki (白式 )

In Nohgaku, haku, or “white” objects are treated with the utmost reverence. To elevate the standing ...

Eboshi (烏帽子)

A type of head covering. In addition to eboshi worn to indicate specific roles, such as okina-eboshi...

Mizugoromo (水衣)

A widely used long-sleeved garment worn by male and female characters of lesser standing, yamabushi ...

Choken (長絹)

See "Chōken"...

Chōken (長絹)

A unlined, long-sleeved garment worn by dancing female characters. Chōken are made with either the g...

Happi (法被)

A long-sleeved garment worn by male characters. There are lined and unlined happi, with lined happi ...

Noshi (直衣)

See "Nōshi"...

Nōshi (直衣)

An unlined, long-sleeved garment worn by male characters of the highest standing. Used as a substitu...

Kariginu (狩衣)

A long-sleeved garment worn by male characters. There are lined and unlined kariginu, with lined kar...

Suō (素袍)

A long-sleeved garment with matching top and bottom worn by male characters. The suō is used for cha...

Hitatare (直垂)

A long-sleeved lined garment with matching top and bottom worn by the role of a samurai. The hitatar...

Suo (素袍)

See "Suō"...

Noshime (熨斗目)

A type of lined kosode, or short-sleeved kimono, worn as the innermost layer of the costumes of male...

Surihaku (摺箔)

A type of lined kosode, or short-sleeved kimono, worn as the innermost layer of the costume of a fem...

Atsuita (厚板)

A type of lined kosode, or short-sleeved kimono, mainly worn as the innermost layer of a male charac...

Karaori (唐織)

A gorgeous lined garment representative of Noh costumes, the karaori is a short-sleeved kimono worn ...

Monogi (物着)

Monogi is when the performers change costume on stage. This may be a changing of a portion of the co...

Kogaki (小書)

Kogaki or “small writing” indicates a special type of Noh or kyōgen performance. The name refers to ...


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