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Kaikō (開口)

Chant performed at the start of wakinoh with the entrance of the waki to show that the waki is unrelated to the initial plotline and lauding the present day. Kaikō were often performed at public ceremonies at the Edo Shogunate, the Imperial Palace and Honganji. The lines were created by the Shogunate scholars and court nobles for the performance, with the verses added by the performers themselves. As rehearsal was often silent, the performers sometimes had to memorize the difficult verses by writing them down. There were many important roles in which the performers would be punished for botching lines on stage, and for the lines of the wakikata, the most important, after a successful performance the paper with the lines written on it would be ceremonially passed out. Kaikō is rarely performed in the modern day.

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