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Nanori, issei, ageuta. Having developed an interest in Noh after watching several performances, you decide to have a look at a simple utai bon, or “chant book,” and come across these terms. As a newcomer to Noh, their meaning is completely lost on you.

So you don’t get discouraged when you run into this type of terminology in utai bon and other books on Noh, we have created this categorized glossary of Noh Terminology.

Currently contains 618 articles.

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(三鬼女)

This refers to the three Noh plays “Aoinoue”, “Kurozuka (Adachigahara)” and “Dōjōji”, in which Nochi-shite are female demons. In all of the pieces, the Nochi-shite wear hannya masks. In “Aoinoue”, the mask is coloured white, indicating nobility, because the lead role is the noble Rokujō no Miyasundokoro (Lady Rokujō). In “Kurozuka”, the mask is black, indicating darkness, because she is a demoness at the foot of the mountains in the Tōhoku region. In “Dojoji”, the mask is red, indicating passion, because the woman transforms into a snake body in a fit of rage. In “Momiji-gari”, a hannya mask is sometimes used in the story of a demon transformed into a beautiful woman, but the piece is not included in San-kijo because she is not a true demoness.


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