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Kumihimo (組紐)

A cord in which bundles of threads are crossed diagonally to form a structure. Most of the cords used in Noh plays are made of braided silk. There are countless kinds of cords, such as eboshi-himo (cords for headwears), kamuri-himo (cords for crowns), men-himo (cords for masks), karaori-himo (cords for wardrobe), chōken no tsuyu-himo (long cords for outer garments with wide sleeves), tachi-himo (or obitori no o; cords for long swords), tsukamaki-himo (cords wrapping hilts) and sage-o (cords for sheaths) for small daggers, cords for mask boxes, cords for the curtain, and so on. In order of simplicity, there are “yotsugumi”, “yatsugumi”, “karauchi”, “yurugigumi”, and “kikkōgumi”, which are used for different purposes. Other than kumihimo, “hinerihimo” (twisted cords) is used for tying up the sleeves of kariginu (outer garments with wide sleeves) and shirabe-o (flaxen tension strings) of small and large tabors and drums; “orihimo” (woven cords) such as sanada-himo for kazura-oke (cylindrical lacquered vats) and boxes. Flat cable made of trimmed leather is used for munehimo (string tied to the chest of one’s kimono or haori) and tsuyuhimo of hitatare and suō (two types of kimono).

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