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Hana (花)

A word referring to the charm of a stage performance. In his theories, Zeami likened Hana to "interest" or "curiousness." He thought the ideal state of Hana as the quiet beauty represented by the prettiness of a boy or the elegance of a noble woman. Further additional stages of quiet beauty were said to include Myōka (wondrous flower), Hie (coldness), and Mumon (internal beauty with no visible sign). Several of Zeami's writings include steps for actors to retain advanced levels of Hana through their lifetimes.

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