A term used in Zeami's treatises on Noh. It is used for actors leaving behind their own viewpoint and objectively observing their performance and the entire stage from a distance. Zeami warned actors against complacency in performance by encouraging them to take the position of the audience. A Noh performance does not have a stage director, so the leading actor also acts as one and Riken is a very important in setting up the stage. The term is often seen in the compound word Riken-no-ken (view from a distance). The antonym of Riken is Gaken (subjective view).