Kakari refers to the opening part of a dance. Dance pieces including chūno-mai, kami-mai and haya-mai consist of three (or five) parts, and the first part is called shodan. Kakari is an introductory part placed before shodan. Many dance pieces contain repetitive phrases called ji in the introductory part. Kakari may also refer to the very short part before ji. There are several types of kakari, including hagakari, iroegakari and tatsupaigakari. These vary in use depending on the music.