A Kyōgen performance in which the performer uses no masks or costumes, but instead wears a montsuki hakama (a plain crested kimono and hakama trousers). There is no change in the usual use of props and scenery, nor any change in the use of assistants or chanting. This performance form prevailed because it was customary not to wear costumes during the summer months in the era when air conditioning was not available. Nowadays, however, it is also performed as an opportunity to appreciate the performers’ natural acting skills. In the case of Noh, it is known as hakama-noh.